Subject Leader : Miss Liversidge
Science at Lee Brigg Infant & Nursery School is about developing children’s independence, ideas, and ways of working to enable them to make sense of the world in which they live through investigation, as well as using and applying their scientific skills.
Through the science curriculum at Lee Brigg Infant & Nursery School we aim to develop children’s curiosity and introduce them to the true ‘awe and wonder’ of the world around them.
In Science pupils will have the opportunity to:
- Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways.
- Observe closely, using their five senses.
- Use a range of scientific equipment and resources.
- Make predictions about what they think might happen.
- Plan and investigate.
- Say why and how things happen.
- Perform simple tests.
- Identify and classify.
- Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
- Gather and record data to help answer questions.
- Evaluate their own work and say how this can be improved.
How is the content / theme chosen?
The content is chosen to make effective links with key themes and ensure coverage of the expectations as set out in the National Curriculum programmes of study, as well as the EYFS framework. At Lee Brigg Infant & Nursery School we ensure a clear, sequenced progression, which is taught systematically for all pupils to acquire the intended knowledge and skills . The content may be adapted or changed, based upon the needs or interests of specific cohorts.
How do we ensure progression of knowledge and skills?
At Lee Brigg Infant & Nursery School we have in place, for each subject area, a knowledge and skills progression document, which is used for planning, to ensure sequenced and appropriate content for specific year groups. Teachers are clear on the learning and expectations for each year group, as this has been carefully selected and mapped out so that children are building on prior knowledge and skills each term and each year.
Within these documents there are opportunities for differentiation, in order to meet the needs of all learners.
How is the subject taught?
Science lessons are carefully planned through our themes, so that valuable links can be made across other subjects.
A two year, long term rolling programme maps out the coverage of the discrete teaching and learning opportunities for children to develop and embed specific skills. This ensures coverage of the National Curriculum, for science across Key Stage 1 and work within and beyond the Early Year’s Framework across our Foundation Stage.
Within each discrete block of science teaching, class teachers carefully plan the specific outcomes for their year group, based upon age appropriate knowledge and skills, as well as the needs of the cohort or individuals within it.
There is a strong focus on developing the scientific vocabulary of our children and retention of this through practical learning opportunities. New vocabulary is taught, with the emphasis on key scientific words and phrases. Although we actively introduce and are ambitious with the language we use, we understand the importance of not over complicating this language with very young children, but ensuring underlying principles and meanings of the words are taught and understood.
Children are introduced to, and reminded of key vocabulary. Questioning is used to check understanding and prior knowledge, before new concepts, skills or knowledge are introduced.
Modelling is used by class teachers to clarify expectations, children are then given plentiful opportunities to consolidate, build upon and apply basic skills and knowledge, across a series of lessons, as well as across the year.
When children are learning about a subject through a discrete teaching sessions they are explicitly told that today they are going to be ‘scientists.’ They are then reminded of the key skills that they will learn, use and develop within this subject.
In Science these are:
We are learning to:
- use our five senses.
- ask and answer questions.
- make predictions.
- plan and investigate.
- say why and how things happen.
- record our ideas and findings.
As well as the discrete teaching of knowledge in science lessons, science investigation days are planned to ensure that children have regular opportunities to embed their knowledge and practise their skills throughout the year. Children regularly engage in in practical, ‘hands on’ learning, external visits, as well as welcoming visitors into school, to enhance their science experiences further.
Pupils also have additional opportunities to extend their scientific knowledge and skills through cross-curricular work. Strong links with other subject areas, particularly Maths and English, ensure that children have numerous opportunities to apply skills across the curriculum. Opportunities to learn about significant people, including inventors and explorers are carefully chosen, so that children are continually developing the sense of the importance of science in the wider world. This learning also strengthens the links between science, history and geography.
Through studying a range of people and places linked to science, children are taught to challenge stereotypes connected to gender, wealth, disability and cultural background and are educated that differences, including where you are born or live in the world, should be celebrated and are not a barrier to achievement.
Texts relating to science knowledge and concepts used to further underpin this understanding and encourage questions from children.
This ensures that elements of the science curriculum are accessed by children throughout the year.
Teaching Science in EYFS
Planning and teaching in EYFS is similar to that in Key Stage 1. The children are expected to develop a specific set of skills and knowledge appropriate to their age. This is often beyond the expectations that are set out in the end of year Early Learning Goals, as we prepare our children with the knowledge and skills they will need in science, ready for year 1.
As well as topic work and the discrete teaching of skills and knowledge, children in EYFS are given the opportunity to explore, investigate, question and continually practise and embed their language and leaning through the areas of provision set up in the indoor and outdoor learning environments.
How do we know that our children are making progress?
Ongoing assessments of the children’s knowledge and skills is observed by the class teacher. Misconceptions are addressed and next steps carefully planned. Children’s outcomes are compared to the subject specific skills and knowledge documents. At the end of a block of discrete teaching (or term) subject leaders gather an overview of children’s outcomes in each subject area. This is used to plan appropriate next steps for their future learning, as well as provide an overview of learning within a subject area across the whole school.
End of year assessments are collated for children at the end of EYFS and Key Stage 1.
How do we promote Communication & Language (including reading), Personal, Social and Emotional Development and Physical Health and Wellbeing?
Relationships are promoted as children work collaboratively, listen to and question the ideas of others. Health and Well-being is incorporated through their learning about plants, animals and humans. Children are expected to develop their independence in carrying out investigations, developing and sharing their own ideas and questions.
Children are introduced and use a range of new vocabulary, which they become confident in using. It allows them to practise asking questions and encourages them to articulate answers using evidence from their investigations.
What wider opportunities are provided for our children?
During the year we have a science week and science investigation days to develop their skills and knowledge through practical experiences and introduce the children to the famous scientists of today and from the past, whose work continues to affect our lives.
Children have the opportunity to participate in regular visits out to places where they can reinforce their scientific knowledge, particularly when learning about animals and habitats. Visitors to school such as ‘Zoolab’ provide them with first hand opportunities to learn about the needs of a variety of creatures.
From their initial days in nursery children are provided with first hand opportunities through science, for example observing chicks hatch from eggs, caring for creatures in the outdoor environment, growing plants from seeds and learning how to care for them, as well as going out in the locality at different times of the year to compare seasonal changes.
Extra-curricular clubs throughout the year have included healthy eating club and science club.
We use our own progression of skills document in school to ensure coverage and progression is appropriate to age and stage of development.